Economics and Rural Development, Volume 5, Number 2


Viloyat Mirzoeva
United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)


Tajikistan is still one of the poorest countries in Central Asia and poverty is particularly prevalent in rural areas. At the same
time, access to land is a key factor in the promotion of equality between men and women in rural areas of Tajikistan. The Government’s
gender policy: “State Programme on Gender Equality” and an amendment to it “Access of Rural Women to Land” guarantee
equality of men and women in all spheres including land relations. Through an analysis of the main laws, State programmes and statistical
data, this paper1 describes the development of the country’s gender policy. It then demonstrates how positive results have
been achieved through the implementation of two joint initiatives involving the Government and the international community,
namely the UNIFEM project “Land Reform and Women’s Rights to Land in Tajikistan”, (2003-2005) and the joint
FAO/UNIFEM/CIDA project “Improved Food Security and Enhanced Livelihoods through Institutional and Gender Sensitive Land
Reform in Tajikistan”. These results include, amongst others, changes in land legislation from the gender perspective and the introduction
of new gender disaggregated statistics.

Keyword(s): Gender issues, land reform, women, agriculture, Tajikistan


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CEDAW (2006). The first National Report and Shadow Report of NGOs on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against

Women submitted to the CEDAW Committee.

FAO/UNIFEM/CIDA (2008). Final report for the project

“Improved Food Security and Enhanced Livelihoods

through Institutional and Gender –Sensitive Land Reform in Tajikistan”. Project number OSRO/TAJ/602/CAN.

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Goskomstat, the World Bank and UNICEF.

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Economics and Rural Development ISSN 1822-3346 / eISSN 2345-0347

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Responsible editors: Prof. Dr Vilija Alekneviciene, Dr Gunita Mazure.