THE POSITION OF WOMEN IN THE RURAL LABOUR MARKET IN BULGARIA – MANY CHALLENGES AND SOME SOLUTIONS
The greatest problems facing rural women in Bulgaria are: unemployment; declining or low incomes; economic problems caused
by social changes; the heavy workload both in paid employment and at home; lack of free time and inequality in free time compared
to men; low level of education; and depopulation of the rural areas, especially the migration of young rural women. In this paper an
assessment of the position of women relative to men in the rural labour market is made, based on gender disaggregated data from a
range of official documents and reports prepared by Ministry of Agriculture and Food (MAF) of Bulgaria and others. It confirms the
results of earlier studies that women occupy a generally disadvantaged position in agriculture and rural areas in Bulgaria. EU-cofunding
programmes potentially provide a way of redressing this imbalance. Using the results from a mail survey conducted amongst
beneficiaries, the extent to which women have benefited from some of the measures in the SAPARD programme is assessed, and also
the ways in which gender issues have been mainstreamed into the Rural Development Programme 2007–2013 are reviewed. It can be
concluded that Bulgaria is making significant progress in the development of rural areas, and especially in involving women as an active
force in the labour market.
Keyword(s): women, agriculture, rural areas, employment, SAPARD, Rural Development Programme
Agriconsulting Europe (2003). Mid-Term Evaluation of the Special Accession Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development in Bulgaria for the Period 2000 – 2003: Final Report. 120 pp.
Dimova, L and Radeva, P (2005). Women in the informal
economy in Bulgaria, 2004. United Nations Development
Fund for Women. 44 pp. ISBN 92-95052-00-55. [www document]
Fieldsend, A.F. (2008). Out of the shadows: making female labour in agriculture visible. Economics and Rural Development: Research Papers 4 (2) 16–25.
Ministry of Agriculture and Food (2007). “Rural Development
Programme 2007-2013”. 279 pp. [www document]
MRDPW (2005). “National Strategy for Regional Development
of Republic of Bulgaria over the period 2005 – 2015”.
Ministry of Regional Development and Public Work. [www
NSI (2000-2005). National Statistical Institute. “Statistical
Book, Issues from 2000 – 2005”, National Statistical Institute,
OECD (1994). “Creating Rural Indicators for Shaping Territorial
Policy”. OECD, Paris.
Popov, R., Boyukliev, O., Atanasova, M., Anastasova, M.,
Boevsky, I., Malamova, N., B. Ivanov (2007). Economic activity
diversification and quality life improvement in the rural
regions of Bulgaria in the context of the Common Agricultural
Policy of the EU. National Centre for Agrarian Science,
Sofia. 64 pp.
Traikova, D. (2005). Gender Differences in Non-farm Rural
Employment - The Case of Bulgaria. M.Sc. Thesis, University
of Hohenheim. 103 pp. [www document]
Yanakieva, I., Popov, R., Slavova, Y., Atanasova, M., Anastasova, M., Boyukliev, O., Malamova, N., Yovchevska, P., B. Ivanov (2008). Social-economic challenges before rural regions. National Centre for Agrarian Science, Sofia 64 pp.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Economics and Rural Development ISSN 1822-3346 / eISSN 2345-0347
This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Responsible editors: Prof. Dr Vilija Alekneviciene, Dr Gunita Mazure.