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Author Guidelines

Description of Papers
Economics and Rural Development publishes papers covering philosophical, methodological and empirical research on the development and implementation of agricultural and rural development, rural development policy    and    its    implementation;    agricultural competitiveness; economics of resources and its management;    strategic    management    of    rural organizations; finance, accounting, statistics and analysis of rural development; rural sociology; rural education and
studying; development of information and knowledge based society in rural areas.

Submission of Manuscripts
1. The submitted papers shall be original and not being published elsewhere.
2. For the initial submission authors are requested to transmit the manuscript in RTF format to the Editor-in-Chief by e-mail.
3. All papers will be reviewed by two reviewers. The Editor-in-Chief will blot out the author names and short additional information concerning the author(s) presented in the footnote for double-blind refereeing process.
4. Any manuscript not complying with the requirements set out below may be returned to the author(s) for necessary revision.
5. After final acceptance, the paper in RTF format shall be transmitted to the Editor-in-Chief by e-mail and will be transformed into a format suitable for publishing, uploaded into a special ftp area and asked the author(s) will be asked to confirm its correctness and to transfer the copyright of the paper to the publisher.
6. The confirmation of correctness and the copyright transfer shall be done by signing the printed version of the Licencing Agreement paper by the author(s) bellow the following statement: “This version of the paper is final. I (we) agree to publish it in the journal “Economics and Rural Development” and sending it to the Editor-in-Chief by post:
Vilija Aleknevičienė
Aleksandras Stulginskis University
Universiteto 10, Akademija, Kaunas distr.
LT-53361, Lithuania

7. The author is responsible for editing of the paper.

Preparation of Manuscripts
1. Manuscripts shall be written in English and edited.
2. No formal limit is set for the length of the paper, but the Editor-in-Chief may recommend condensation where appropriate.
3. Manuscripts should be typed using A4 format. Margins from the top should be 20 mm, from the bottom – 20 mm, from the left side – 25 mm, from the right side – 15 mm. Manuscripts should be prepared using 12 pt text, and 1,5 paragraph spacing.
4. Every page of the manuscript including the first page, references and tables, should be numbered in the lower right-hand corner. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers: if necessary, one may refer to sections.
5. Manuscripts in general should be organized in the following order: Title
Name(s) of authors(s) Affiliation(s) (name of institution and state) Note. Any (short) additional information concerning the research grants, fields and address (es) of authors(s) should be included at the end of the title (first) page as a footnote. After this information it is necessary to include a complete correspondence address to which the proofs are to be sent. Abstract (clear, descriptive and between 100 and 200 words in length). At least one classification code, according to the Classification System for Journal Articles as used by the Journal of Economic Literature Key words that will be useful for indexing or searching (normally 3-6 items).
Introduction Text (material studied, area descriptions, methods, techniques, results and summarizing notes). Evaluation of results and conclusions Acknowledgements (not essential, according to authors(s) preference) References Tables Illustrations
6. SI units should be used.
7. Material from international journals should be cited in the papers.
8. The publisher reserves the right to returning to the author for revision accepted manuscripts and illustrations that are not in accordance with the form given in this Guide.

1. Large tables should be avoided. If many data are to be presented, an attempt should be made to divide them over two or more tables. Reversing columns and rows will often reduce the dimensions of a table.
2. Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables.
3. Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns.
4. Number and title should be at the top of the table and in the same row. Any explanation essential for understanding the table should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table. For example:
Table1. Foreign investments....
5. Each table should be typewritten on a separate page of the manuscript and should have number and a brief and self- explanatory title. Tables should never be included in the text: only the point of table in the manuscript may be shown.

1. Illustrations should be designed in accordance with the format of page of the journal bearing in mind that the size of the lettering is big enough to allow a reduction of 50% without becoming illegible. Use the same kind of lettering throughout and follow the style of the journal.
2. Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity. Sharp and glossy copies are required. Colour illustrations cannot be included.
3. Illustrations should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all illustrations.
4. Number and title should be at the bottom of the illustration and in the same row. Any explanation essential for understanding the illustration should be given between illustration and its title. For example: Figure1. Dynamics of ...
5. Each illustration should be typewritten on a separate page of the manuscript and should have number and a brief and self-explanatory title. Explanations should be given in the typewritten legend. Illustrations should never be included in the text: only the point of illustration in the manuscript may be shown.

1. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically according to authors’ names, and chronologically per author.
2. Case when the reference is in other language than English, they should be transliterated  to Roman script. Aside in the parenthesis should be presented translated reference in English.
3. In the text of the manuscript a reference only to the authors(s) last name and year of publication, and if necessary, appropriate pages should be made. For example: “Brust and Gryna (2002) pointed out that some countries...” or “The costs of quality failures can amount to more than 20% of sales (Feigenbaum, 2001, pp. 26)”.
4. Where the reference has no author(s), in the text of the manuscript one or more words should be used that will identify the reference and year of publication, for example: “Lithuania was among the most developed and industrialised economies...“ (OECD information..., 1996).
5. Not more than two authors may be cited per reference; “et al” should be used after the name of the first author. However, this indication should never be used in the list of references where all the authors of publication should be mentioned.
6. The following system should be used for listing references:
a. For books
Author(s), year of publication, title of book, edition, publisher. For example: Knott G. (1998). Financial Management,3rd ed., Palgrave, New York.
b. For periodicals
Author(s), year of publication, title of publication, title of periodical, number of periodical, pages of publication in the periodical. For example: Aharony J., Swary I. (1980). Quarterly Dividend and Earnings Announcements and Stockholders’ Returns: An Empirical Analysis. Journal of Finance 35, pp.1-12.
c. For Web sites
Title of organisation, year of publication, title of publication, full Web site address. For example: National Stock Exchange of Lithuania (2004). Start of a public sale of shares. Available at nvpb/index_en.php?page=BPzyn&unq=3530
d. For essays in conference proceedings
Author(s), year of publication, title of publication, title of conference proceedings, pages of publication in proceedings, institution by which the conference was organised. For example:
Bugina V., Baraskina I. (2003). The Development of Co- operation in Agriculture of Latvia. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference “Rural Development 2003”, pp.64-65, Lithuanian University of Agriculture.
e) For research reports and doctoral dissertations
Author(s), year of publication, title of publication, research report or doctoral dissertation, department and institution in which the report is made or dissertation is written. For example:
Gargasas A., Ramanauskas J. (2003). Investigations of Possibilities to Restructure Farms Using SAPARD Support. Research report, Faculty of Economics and Management, Lithuanian University of Agriculture.
f) For unpublished reports, departmental notes, etc.
Title of unpublished report or note, year when the results were carried out, department and institution in which the results were carried out. For example: Annotations of Results of the Research carried out at the Faculty of Economics and Management during 2003. Faculty of Economics and Management, Lithuanian University of Agriculture.
Note. When the report or note is written by named author(s), primarily name of the authors(s) and year when the results were carried out should be shown.

1. Formulae should be written using Microsoft Equation.
2. Subscripts and superscripts should be clear.
3. The meaning of all symbols should be given right after the equation in which they are first used.
4. For simple fractions the solidus (/) should be used instead of a horizontal line, for example R/2 rather than
5. Equations should be numbered serially at the right- hand side in parentheses.
6. Levels of statistical significance that can be mentioned without any further explanation are indicated as follows: *P<0.01.

Footnotes should only be used if they are essential. In most cases it is possible to incorporate them in the text. If used, they should be numbered into the text, indicated by superscript numbers, and kept as short as possible.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is 1.5-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors contributing to Economics and Rural Development agree to publish their papers under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this licence are made clear.

Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to the Publisher.


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Economics and Rural Development ISSN 1822-3346 / eISSN 2345-0347

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Responsible editors: Prof. Dr Vilija Alekneviciene, Dr Gunita Mazure.